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Summary of testing methods for common fire protection facilities

Release time:2016-12-27Author:Sources:Click:751Word size:BigModerateSmall

  The building fire protection facilities shall be tested at least once a year, and the testing objects shall include all fire protection facilities, equipment, components, etc.. Fire detection facilities in accordance with the completion of the inspection and testing methods and requirements of the organization and implementation, and in line with the requirements of the building fire equipment testing technical specifications GA503-2004. In this paper, according to the "building fire equipment testing technical specifications," the fifth chapter of the detection method. 


  Method for detecting fire distribution system 


  1) look at the fire control room and the fire control facilities at the end of the distribution box, as well as the instrument, indicator lights, switches, control buttons. 


  2 check the control mode and operation procedure of distribution box: 


 ?、?span space="" right-pos="0|108" left-pos="0|108" tabcount="-1">Under the automatic control mode, the main power supply is cut off manually; 


 ?、?span class="high-light-bg" space="" right-pos="0|156" left-pos="0|156" tabcount="-1">Under the artificial control mode, the main power supply should be cut off in the low voltage power distribution room, and then the standby fire power supply should be closed; 


 ?、?span space="" right-pos="0|39" left-pos="0|39">View the last level distribution box operation. 


  Automatic fire alarm system 


  Detection method of point type smoke detector 


  1)The smoke detector is used to put the smoke into the detector, and the alarm signal of the detector and the fire alarm signal of the fire alarm controller are displayed.

  2)To eliminate the smoke inside and outside the detector, the alarm controller is manually reset to observe the change of the detector alarm lamp before and after reset 


  Detection method of point type temperature sensing detector 


  1)Reset point type temperature detector, using the heating temperature is not lower than 54 DEG C, check the detector alarm alarm controller fire alarm display lamp and confirm the fire; remove the heating source, manual reset fire alarm controller, check the detector alarm indicating lamp changes before and after reset. 


  2)Non reset point type temperature detector, using line simulation test. 


  Method for detecting fire alarm controller 


  1)Trigger self check key, all functions of the indicator light, display and sound device on the panel. 


  2)Cut off the main power supply and check the status of the standby DC power input and the status of the main and standby power supply.


  3)Under the condition of standby DC power supply, open circuit fault alarm and fire alarm priority function, two alarm function detection:


 ?、?span space="" right-pos="0|69" left-pos="0|69">Analog detector, manual alarm button open circuit fault, view fault display. 


 ?、?span space="" right-pos="0|218" left-pos="0|218">During the open circuit fault alarm, the smoke device or heat source temperature is not lower than 54 DEG C, successively to two detectors in the same loop cast or flue gas heating, fire alarm, fire alarm controller check alarm location display and recording. Each detector, not only noise, reset.


  4)Using the multimeter to measure the output signal of fire alarm controller. 


  5)System reset to normal alert. 


  Detection method of fire fighting linkage control equipment 


  1)Perform functional self inspection of all indicator lights, displays and sound devices on the panel. 


  2)Cut off the main power supply and check the status of the standby DC power input and the status of the main and standby power supply. 


  3)The following tests are carried out under the condition of standby DC power supply: 


 ?、?span space="" right-pos="0|66" left-pos="0|66">Check the linkage control function and logic control program of fire control equipment. 


 ?、?span space="" right-pos="0|163" left-pos="0|163">In the terminal, simulation of fire control equipment and input / output module connection circuit, short circuit fault and a stopwatch, check the sound and light alarm. 


 ?、?span space="" right-pos="0|90" left-pos="0|90">Remote manually start the linkage control of fire equipment, view the transmission of control signals. 


  4)Return to normal alert. 


  Detection method of fire hydrant system 


  1)The worst fire hydrant selection, connect the pressure gauge and cap, open fire hydrant, hydrant hydrostatic pressure measurement.


  2)Connect the hose and a water gun, start the fire pump, check the fire pump start and signal display, measurement of hydrant hydrostatic pressure.


  3)According to the design of open water hydrant, hydrant water pressure measurement at the most unfavorable point. 。


  4)According to the design of open water hydrant, hydrant water pressure measurement at the most favorable. 


  5)System restore normal state 


  Detection method of automatic sprinkler system 


  Method for detecting wet system 


  1)Open the most unfavorable place at the end of the test device, check the pressure gauge display; check the flow indicator, pressure switch and fire pump action and feedback signal. 


  2)Measure the time from the open end of the test device to the fire pump operation.


  3)With a sound level meter to measure the hydraulic alarm ring strong value. 


  4)System return to normal. 


  Detection method of dry system 


  1)Open the most unfavorable at the end of the water test device control valve, check the flow indicator, pressure switch and fire pump, electric valve action and feedback signal, as well as the exhaust valve exhaust. 


  2)Measure the time from the open end of the test device to the outlet pressure of 0.05MPa. 


  3)System return to normal. 


  Detection method of pre action system 


  1)Two fire detectors have been triggered in the protection area, to see the solenoid valve, electric valve, fire pump and water flow indicator, pressure switch action and feedback signals, as well as the exhaust valve exhaust. 


  2)After the alarm 2min open the end of the test device to measure the water pressure. 


  3)With a sound level meter to measure the hydraulic alarm ring strong value.


  4)System return to normal. 


  Detection method of deluge system 


  1)The system is arranged in parallel multiple deluge valve, check valve and control logic. 


  2)Has triggered two fire detectors in the protection area or pressure relief for the transmission pipe, check the solenoid valve, fire pump and pressure switch action and feedback signal. 


  3)With a sound level meter to measure the hydraulic alarm ring strong value. 


  4)Not the actual water place, should close the deluge valve outlet control valve before test. 


  5)System return to normal. 


  Detection method of evacuation indicator 


  1)View the appearance and location, check the direction 。


  2)Turn off the normal lighting, see the light of the luminous evacuation signs, test the brightness. 


  3)When the normal power supply is cut off, the illuminance of the ground is measured by the illuminance meter at the center of the channel before the light evacuation indication sign. 


  4)System reset. 


  Detection method for emergency broadcast system 


  1)In the fire control room with the microphone to the selected area broadcast, check the sound effect. 


  2)Under the automatic control mode, two fire detectors are triggered and the manual alarm button is triggered respectively. 


  3)Public Radio amplifiers are closed and playback state, automatic and manual switching compulsory fire emergency broadcast. 


  4)Start the test of environmental noise fire emergency broadcast before using the sound level meter, when more than 60dB, repeated measurement to start the fire emergency broadcast after the speaker broadcast sound pressure level within the scope of the farthest point, and compared with ambient noise. 


  Method for detecting fire door 


  1)View appearance, closing effect, double door closure order. 


  2)Close, respectively, from the inside and outside open. 


  3)Open normally closed fire doors, view the closure effect. 


  4)Trigger two related fire detectors, see the corresponding area of the electric normally open fire door closing effect and feedback signal. 


  5)The evacuation passage is provided with a fire door of the entrance control system, and the output signal of the control system is automatically or remotely controlled. 


  6)Reset all. 


  Detection method of fireproof rolling curtain 


  1)View appearance. 


  2)According to the following mode of operation, check the shutter operation feedback signal reset. 


 ?、?span class="high-light-bg" space="" right-pos="0|24" left-pos="0|24">Mechanical operation rolling curtain lifting. 


 ?、?span space="" right-pos="0|24" left-pos="0|24">Trigger manual control button. 


 ?、?span space="" right-pos="0|39" left-pos="0|39" tabcount="-1">Fire control room manual output remote control signal. 


 ?、?span space="" right-pos="0|42" left-pos="0|42">Trigger two related fire detectors. 


  3)Return to normal state. 


  Method for detecting electric fire damper 


  1)View appearance. 


  2)Manual reset. 


  3)Trigger two related fire detectors, view the action and feedback signal reset. 


  Detection method of fire elevator 


  1)The first floor of the landing trigger button, check the fire elevator operation. 


  2)Using special telephone call in the car, lifting and control car.


  3)With a stopwatch to surrender the running time rose to the top layer. 


  4)With the linkage function of the fire elevator, triggering the two related fire detectors, view the elevator action and feedback signal. 


  5)Fire control equipment remote control button. 


  6)Return to normal state. 


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